11172017Headline:

Immigration Act South Africa

Immigration Act of South Africa – This is the current version and applies as from 26 May 2014, i.e. the date of commencement of the Immigration Amendment Act 3 of 2007 and the Immigration Amendment Act 13 of 2011 – to date.

Immigration to South Africa

You’ve made a decision to immigrate to South Africa. The information below will affirm why that choice proved to be a good one!

There are several methods you’ll be able to relocate to South Africa, but one fact remains: You will have to manage the Department of Home Affairs in securing your visas. This is extremely demanding in case you don’t know what you are doing.

The investment requirements

The investment requirements are rather substantial, if you are coming to South Africa through the creation of a small business thing. Since the implementation of the brand-new Regulations in May this year, contribution amounts now sum to R5m.

Department of Trade and Industry

You can approach the Department of Trade and Industry and get a capital decrease, if you want a decrease in this capital requirement. There’s a list of businesses that is appealing in case you cannot fill the full amount and qualify for this.

Retiring in South Africa is another great alternative

Retiring in South Africa is another great alternative if you’re able to fill the minimal monetary conditions. Home Affairs are now requesting that you attest a monthly income of R37, 000. The nice thing is you are able to add as many dependents so if a family of is you, as you want to this, your kids along with your spouse can hop in your visa. Before June this year, one would have to demonstrate R20, 000 PER MAN! So this we feel is a good move to the part of Home Affairs.

Moving to the Republic and taking up work

Moving to the Republic and taking up work can have its challenges. Work permits/visas are presently tough to come by. The inclusion of the department of labor in the process has made it incredibly tough to secure a visa.

The lengthy processing time

The lengthy processing time is additionally NOT appealing to future companies. On the upside, Moving to the Republic and taking up work can have its challenges. Work permits/visas are presently tough to come by. The inclusion of the department of labor in the process has made it incredibly tough to secure a visa.

 

The lengthy processing time is additionally NOT appealing to future companies. On the upside, a critical skills visa was introduced into the mix which means if you are in a profession that is recorded on the critical skills list, you can probably relocate to South Africa without any hassles.

Critical skills visa was introduced

Critical skills visa was introduced into the mix which means if you are in a profession that is recorded on the critical skills list, you can probably relocate to South Africa without any hassles.

These are the three primary groups. There are others so please give us a shout if you do not fulfill the above criteria. There are a couple more routes which we can discuss with you.

Immigrating to South Africa can mean an amazing life

Immigrating to South Africa can mean an amazing life for you and your family. An emerging market, varied cultural groups, developed infrastructure and liberal constitution make South Africa a sought-after destination for opportunists desiring to take advantage in a “non western” setting.

South Africa is a faultless destination for your company

South Africa is a faultless destination for your company if you are looking forward to expanding into Africa. It’s the most innovative member of the SADC region as well as on the continent making it an impeccable place to set up a head office that will feed into smaller offices on the continent. Our banking and telecommunication infrastructure is extremely good and leagues ahead of other developing African countries.

Immigration South Africa facilitates the South African visa process

Immigration South Africa facilitates the South African visa process from beginning to end.

Our services include applications for Immigration to South Africa, and we also offer other move services that are ancillary. Applying for a change of standing in South Africa, whether offering your visa or beginning a business, our trained immigration advisers are on hand to assist.

The visas that we assist with are: Work, Business, Retirement, Study, Family, Spouse and Life Partner Visas, Permanent Residency applications and Citizenship.

 

IMMIGRATION ACT of SOUTH AFRICA

Complete Text

IMMIGRATION ACT 13 OF 2002

(Gazette No. 23478, Notice No. 766, dated 31 May 2002. Commencement date: 12 March 2003, unless
otherwise indicated. [Proc. No. R13, Gazette No. 24951, dated 20 February 2003])

As amended by:

Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act 12 of 2004 – Government Gazette 26311, Notice No.
559, dated 28 April 2004. Commencement date: 27 April 2004.

Immigration Amendment Act 19 of 2004 – Government Gazette 26901, Notice No. 1206, dated 18 October
2004. Commencement date: 1 July 2005. [Proc. No. R30, Gazette No. 27725, dated 27 June
2005].

Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act 32 of 2007 – Government Gazette
30599, Notice No. 1224, dated 14 December 2007. Commencement date: 16 December 2007.

IMMIGRATION ACT of SOUTH AFRICA

IMMIGRATION ACT of SOUTH AFRICA

Immigration Amendment Act 3 of 2007 – Government Notice 656 in Government Gazette 30095 dated 18
July 2007. Commencement date: 26 May 2014 and the Immigration Amendment Act 13 of 2011 –
Government Notice 690 in Government Gazette 34561 dated 26 August 2011.

Commencement date: 26 May 2014 [Proc. Nos. R32 and R33, Gazette No. 37679]

The Act has been amended by section 26 of Act 13 of 2011 which states the following:

“26. Substitution of words

The principal Act is hereby amended-

(a) by the substitution for the word “permit” or “permits”, wherever it occurs in the Act, of the word
“visa” or “visas”, as the case may be, except in cases where-

(i) reference is made to a permanent residence permit; and

(ii) there is an amendment effected by any of the sections of this Act, excluding this section;

(b) by the substitution for the words “temporary residence permit” or “temporary residence permits”,
wherever they occur in the Act, of the word “visa” or “visas”, as the case may be;

(c) by the substitution for the word “condition” or “conditions”, wherever it occurs in the Act, of the
words “terms and conditions”, except in cases where the phrase ‘”terms and conditions” or
“terms or conditions”‘ are used; and

(d) by the substitution for the words “21 years”, wherever they occur in the Act, of the words “18
years”.”
It is hereby notified that the President has assented to the following Act, which is hereby published for
general information: –

GENERAL EXPLANATORY NOTE:

[ ] Words in bold type in square brackets indicate omissions from existing enactments.

__________ Words underlined with a solid line indicate insertions in existing enactments.

_______________________________

(English text signed by the President.)

(Assented to 30 May 2002.)

_______________________________

ACT

To provide for the regulation of admission of persons to, their residence in, and their departure from
the Republic; and for matters connected therewith.

PREAMBLE

In providing for the regulation of admission of foreigners to, their residence in, and their departure from the
Republic and for matters connected therewith, the Immigration Act aims at setting in place a new system of
immigration control which ensures that-

(a) visas and permanent residence permits are issued as expeditiously as possible and on the basis of
simplified procedures and objective, predictable and reasonable requirements and criteria, and without
consuming excessive administrative capacity;

(Paragraph (a) of the Preamble substituted by section 1 of Act 13/2011)

(b) security considerations are fully satisfied and the State retains control over the immigration of
foreigners to the Republic;

(c) interdepartmental coordination and public consultations enrich the management of immigration;

(Paragraph (c) of the Preamble substituted by section 1 of Act 13/2011)

(d) economic growth is promoted through the employment of needed foreign labour, foreign investment is
facilitated, the entry of exceptionally skilled or qualified people is enabled, skilled human resources are
increased, academic exchanges within the Southern African Development Community is facilitated
and tourism is promoted;

(e) the role of the Republic in the continent and the region is recognised;

(f) the entry and departure of all persons at ports of entry are efficiently facilitated, administered and
managed;

(g) immigration laws are efficiently and effectively enforced, deploying to this end significant
administrative capacity of the Department of Home Affairs, thereby reducing the pull factors of illegal
immigration;

(h) the South African economy may have access at all times to the full measure of needed contributions
by foreigners;

(i) the contribution of foreigners in the South African labour market does not adversely impact on existing
labour standards and the rights and expectations of South African workers;

(j) a policy connection is maintained between foreigners working in South Africa and the training of our
citizens;

(k) push factors of illegal immigration may be addressed in cooperation with other Departments and the
foreign states concerned;

(l) immigration control is performed within the highest applicable standards of human rights protection;

(m) xenophobia is prevented and countered;

(n) a human rights based culture of enforcement is promoted;

(o) the international obligations of the Republic are complied with; and

(p) civil society is educated on the rights of foreigners and refugees.

(Preamble substituted by section 1 of Act 19 of 2004)

BE IT ENACTED by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa, as follows: –

TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Definitions

OBJECTIVES AND STRUCTURES OF IMMIGRATION CONTROL

2. ……….

3. Delegation of powers

4. Immigration Advisory Board
5. Functions of Board

6. ……….

7. Regulations

8. Review and appeal procedures

ADMISSION AND DEPARTURE

9. Admission and departure

9A. Place of entry or exit

TEMPORARY RESIDENCE

10. Visas to temporarily sojourn in Republic

10A. Port of entry visa

10B. Transit visas

11. Visitor’s visa

12. ……….

13. Study visa

14. Treaty visa

15. Business visa

16. Crew visa

17. Medical treatment visa

18. Relative’s visa

19. Work visas

20. Retired person visa

21. Corporate visa

22. Exchange visa

23. Asylum transit visa

24. …..

PERMANENT RESIDENCE

25. Permanent residence

26. Direct residence

27. Residence on other grounds

28. Withdrawal of permanent residence permit

EXCLUSIONS AND EXEMPTIONS

29. Prohibited persons

30. Undesirable persons

31. Exemptions

ENFORCEMENT AND MONITORING

32. Illegal foreigners

33. Inspectorate

34. Deportation and detention of illegal foreigners

35. Duties with regard to conveyances

36. ……….

IMMIGRATION COURTS

37. ……….

DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS

38. Employment

39. Learning institutions

40. Keeping of registers of lodgers by certain persons

41. Identification

42. Aiding and abetting illegal foreigners

43. Obligation of foreigners

44. Organs of state

45. Other institutions

MISCELLANEOUS

46. ……….

47. ……….

48. Foreigners erroneously allowed to enter Republic

OFFENCES

49. Offences

50. Administrative offences

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

51. Transitional definitions

52. Functions of Department and Board

53. Existing visas

54. Repeal of laws

55. Short title and commencement
Schedule 1

Schedule 2

Schedule 3

1. Definitions and interpretation

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise indicates-

“admission” means entering the Republic at a port of entry in terms of section 9;

“advance passenger processing” means the pre-clearance of persons, in the prescribed manner,
prior to boarding conveyances by means of a boarding advice issued to owners or persons in charge
of conveyances;

(Definition of “advance passenger processing” inserted by section 2(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

“affiliate” means an associate member of a company or organisation;

(Definition of “affiliate” inserted by section 1(a) of Act 3 of 2007)

“Board” means the Immigration Advisory Board established by section 4;

“border” means the national borders of the Republic;

“branch” means a branch as contemplated in section 21A of the Companies Act, 1973 (Act No. 61 of
1973);

(Definition of “branch” inserted by section 1(b) of Act 3 of 2007)

“citizen” has the meaning assigned thereto in the South African: Citizenship Act, 1995 (Act No. 88 of
1995);

“conveyance” means any ship, boat, aircraft or vehicle, or any other means of transport;

“corporate applicant” means a juristic person established under the laws of the Republic which
applies for a corporate visa referred to in section 21;

(Definition of “corporate applicant” substituted by section 2(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

“court” means a magistrate’s court;

“customary union” …

(Definition of “customary union” deleted by section 2(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

“Department” means the Department of Home Affairs;
“depart or departure” means exiting the Republic from a port of entry to another country in
compliance with this Act;

(Definition of “depart or departure” substituted by section 1(c) of Act 3 of 2007)

“deport or deportation” means the action or procedure aimed at causing an illegal foreigner to leave
the Republic in terms of this Act;

“Director-General” means the Director-General of the Department;

“employer” includes a person contractually bound by the applicable employment contract as an
employer or, in the case of a juristic person, its chief executive officer or the person to whom such
officer has delegated the final responsibility in respect of personnel matters;

“foreign country” means a country other than the Republic;

“foreign state” means the juristic entity governing a foreign country;

“foreigner” means an individual who is not a citizen;

“illegal foreigner” means a foreigner who is in the Republic in contravention of this Act;

“immediate family” means persons within the second step of kinship, where marriage or a spousal
relationship is counted as one of such steps, but any common antecedent is not so counted;

“immigration officer” means an officer appointed by the Director-General to perform the functions of
either the permitting office, port of entry or inspectorate as contemplated in this Act;

(Definition of “immigration officer” substituted by section 2(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

“marriage” means –

(a) a marriage concluded in terms of-

(i) the Marriage Act, 1961 (Act No. 25 of 1961); or

(ii) the Recognition of Customary Marriages Act, 1998 (Act No. 120 of 1998);

(b) a civil union concluded in terms of the Civil Union Act, 2006 (Act No. 17 of 2006); or

(c) a marriage concluded in terms of the laws of a foreign country;

(Definition of “marriage” substituted by section 2(e) of Act 13 of 2011)

“Minister” means the Minister of Home Affairs;

“organ of state” means an organ of state as defined in section 239 of the Constitution;

“owner” means the owner of record and includes the charterer of a conveyance and any agent within
the Republic of the owner or the charterer;

“passenger name record” means the record of the data of a person as contemplated in section
35(3)(a) created by the owner or person in charge of a conveyance or his or her authorised agents for
each journey booked by or on behalf of any person;

(Definition of “passenger name record” inserted by section 2(f) of Act 13 of 2011)

“passport” means any passport or travel document containing the prescribed information and
characteristics issued-

(a) under the South African Passports and Travel Documents Act. 1994 (Act No. 4 of 1994):

(b) on behalf of a foreign state recognised by the Government of the Republic to a person who is
not a South African citizen;

(c) on behalf of any international organisation as prescribed, including regional or sub-regional
organisations, to a person who is not a South African citizen; or

any other document approved by the Minister and issued under special circumstances to a person
who cannot obtain a document contemplated in paragraphs (a) to (c);

(Definition of “passport” substituted by section 2(g) of Act 13 of 2011)

“permanent residence permit” means a permit contemplated in section 25, 26 or 27;

“port of entry” means a place designated as such by the Minister in terms of section 9A;

(Definition of “port of entry” substituted by section 2(h) of Act 13 of 2011)

“port of entry visa” means the authority to travel from a port of entry of another country to any port of
entry of the Republic for the purposes of admission into the Republic, as contemplated in section 10A;

(Definition of “port of entry visa” inserted by section 2(i) of Act 13 of 2011)

“premises” means any building, structure or tent, together with the land on which it is situated and
the adjoining land used in connection with it, and includes any land without any building, structure or
tent and any conveyance;

“prescribed” means prescribed by regulation;

“prohibited person” means any person contemplated in section 29;

“Republic” …

(Definition of “Republic” deleted by section 2(j) of Act 13 of 2011)

“spouse” means a person who is a party to –

(a) a marriage as defined in this Act; or

(Paragraph (a) of the definition of “spouse” substituted by section 2(k) of Act 13 of 2011)

(b) a permanent homosexual or heterosexual relationship as prescribed;

“status” means the status of the person as determined by the relevant visa or permanent residence
permit granted to a person in terms of this Act;

(Definition of “status” substituted by section 2(l) of Act 13 of 2011)

“subsidiary” means a subsidiary as defined in section 1(1) of the Companies Act, 1973 (Act No. 61 of
1973);

(Definition of “subsidiary” inserted by section 1(d) of Act 3 of 2007)

“temporary residence permit” …

(Definition of “temporary residence permit” deleted by section 2(m) of Act 13 of 2011)

“this Act” means this Act, including its schedules, and includes the regulations made pursuant
thereto;

“transit visa” means a transit visa contemplated in section 10B;

“undesirable person” means a person contemplated in section 30;

“visa” means the authority to temporarily sojourn in the Republic for purposes of-

(a) transit through the Republic as contemplated in section 10B;

(b) a visit as contemplated in section 11;

(c) study as contemplated in section 13;

(d) conducting activities in the Republic in terms of an international agreement to which the
Republic is a party as contemplated in section 14;

(e) establishing or investing in a business as contemplated in section 15;
(f) working as a crew member of a conveyance in the Republic as contemplated in section 16;

(g) obtaining medical treatment as contemplated in section 17;

(h) staying with a relative as contemplated in section 18;

(i) working as contemplated in section 19 or 21;

(j) retirement as contemplated in section 20;

(k) an exchange programme as contemplated in section 22; or

(l) applying for asylum as contemplated in section 23,

whichever is applicable in the circumstances;

(Definition of “visa” substituted by section 2(n) of Act 13 of 2011)

“work” includes-

(a) conducting any activity normally associated with the running of a specific business; or

(b) being employed or conducting activities consistent with being employed or consistent with the
profession of the person, with or without remuneration or reward,

within the Republic.

(Section 1(1) substituted by section 2(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) ……….

(Section 1(2) deleted by section 2(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

OBJECTIVES AND STRUCTURES OF IMMIGRATION CONTROL

2. ……….

(Section 2 repealed by section 3 of Act 19 of 2004)

3. Delegation of powers

(1) The Minister may, subject to the terms and conditions that he or she may deem necessary, delegate
any power conferred on him or her by this Act, excluding a power referred to in sections 3, 4, 5 and 7,
to an officer or category of officers or an employee or category of employees or a person or category
of persons in the Public Service, but shall not be divested of any power so delegated.
(2) The Director-General may, subject to the terms and conditions that he or she may deem necessary,
delegate any power conferred on him or her by this Act to an officer or category of officers or an
employee or category of employees or a person or category of persons in the Public Service, but shall
not be divested of any power so delegated.

(Section 3 substituted by section 4 of Act 19 of 2004)

4. Immigration Advisory Board

(1) The Immigration Advisory Board is hereby established.

(2)

(a) The Board shall consist of-

(i) (aa) the Director-General;

(bb) the Head of the Immigration Services Branch of the Department;

(ii) any representative, at least equivalent to the rank of Deputy Director-General, from any
department or organ of state whom the Minister considers relevant;

(iii) a person representing organised business;

(iv) a person representing organised labour; and

(v) up to five individual persons appointed by the Minister in the prescribed manner on the
basis of their knowledge, experience and involvement pertaining to immigration law,
control, adjudication or enforcement.

(b) The Minister shall designate from the members of the Board a Chairperson and Deputy
Chairperson of the Board.

(Section 4(2) substituted by section 5(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 4(2) substituted by section 3(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) …………

(Section 4(3) deleted by section 5(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(4) A member of the Board referred to in subsection (2)(a)(iii), (iv) and (v) shall-

(Words preceding paragraph (a) substituted by section 5(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Words preceding paragraph (a) substituted by section 3(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) serve for a four-year-term, at the expiry of which they shall be eligible for one or more re-
appointments, provided that the Minister may elect to fill any vacancy which may occur by
appointing a person for the unexpired portion of the term of the member in whose place such
person is appointed;

(b) at no time –

(i) be or become an unrehabilitated insolvent;

(ii) be or have been judicially declared of unsound mind;

(iii) suffer an infirmity of mind or body preventing him or her from the proper discharge of the
duties of his or her office;

(iv) be convicted by final conviction or sentence of an offence without the option of a fine;

(v) be or become a political office bearer; or

(vi) be or have been removed from an office of trust on account of misconduct involving theft
or fraud;

(c) cease to be a member –

(i) on resignation;

(ii) if requested by the Minister to resign for good cause;

(iii) if he or she fails to attend two consecutive meetings of the Board, unless his or her
apology has been accepted by the Board; or

(iv) if he or she becomes disqualified in terms of this Act; and

(d) be paid such remuneration and be entitled to such benefits and allowances as determined from
time to time by the Minister after consultation with the Director-General and with the approval of
the Minister of Finance.

(5) The administrative work connected with the performance of the functions of the Board shall be
performed by officers of the Department, designated by the Director-General for that purpose.

(Section 4(5) substituted by section 5(d) of Act 19 of 2004)

(6) ……….

(Section 4(6) deleted by section 5(e) of Act 19 of 2004)
(7) The Minister may dissolve the Board on such terms and conditions as he or she sees fit, provided that
a new Board shall be convened within 90 calendar days.

(8) ……….

(Section 4(8) deleted by section 5(f) of Act 19 of 2004)

(9) Subject to this Act, the Board shall operate and meet as prescribed.

(Commencement date of section 4: 26 February 2003)

5. Functions of Board

The Board shall –

(a) advise the Minister in respect of-

(i) the contents of regulations that may be made in terms of this Act;

(ii) the formulation of policy pertaining to immigration matters; and

(iii) any other matter relating to this Act on which the Minister may request advice; and

(b) serve as the interdepartmental cooperation forum for all immigration matters.”

(Section 5 substituted by section 6 of Act 19 of 2004)

6. ……….

(Section 6 repealed by section 7 of Act 19 of 2004)

7. Regulations

(1) The Minister may, after consultation with the Board, make regulations relating to-

(a) the powers and duties of immigration officers;

(b) the steps to be taken to prevent the entry of illegal foreigners into the Republic and to facilitate
the tracing and identification of illegal foreigners in, and their removal from, the Republic;

(c) the procedure regulating the entry into and departure from the Republic of persons at a port of
entry, and the requirements and terms and conditions to be complied with at such a port;

(d) the times and places of, and the manner of conducting, an enquiry relating to, or the
examination of, persons entering or desiring to enter the Republic or who, having been found in
the Republic, are suspected of being prohibited persons or unlawfully resident therein;

(e) a port of entry visa, visas, permanent residence permits and the certificates which may be
issued under this Act, the requirements for the issuing of a port of entry visa, visas, permanent
residence permits and certificates and terms and conditions to which such port of entry visa,
visas, permanent residence permits or certificates may be subjected, and the circumstances
under which such a port of entry visa, visas, permanent residence permits or certificates may be
cancelled or withdrawn;

(Section 7(1)(e) substituted by section 4(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(f) the terms and conditions upon which prohibited persons may be allowed to pass through the
Republic while journeying or being conveyed to a place outside the Republic;

(g) the forms of warrants, permanent residence permits, a port of entry visa, visas, certificates or
other documents to be issued or used, or of declarations to be made, or of registers to be kept,
for the purposes of this Act, and the particulars to be provided on or inserted in any such
document, declaration or register;

(Section 7(1)(g) substituted by section 4(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(h) the fees that may be charged in respect of overtime services required to be performed by
immigration officers;

(i) the fees that may be charged in respect of the application for and issuing of a port of entry visa,
visas, permanent residence permits and certificates and other services rendered in terms of this
Act, including advance passenger processing and passenger name record information
transmission;

(Section 7(1)(i) substituted by section 4(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(j) the steps to be taken to prevent the departure from the Republic of a person not in possession
of a passport or other appropriate documentation;

(k) …

(Section 7(1)(k) deleted by section 4(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(l) the manner in which payment of a deposit contemplated in section 34(3) may be enforced;

(m) the steps to be taken to ensure proper exploitation of the local labour market before a work visa
is issued in terms of section 19;

(n) the circumstances whereunder and the manner in which a penalty shall be incurred by and
recovered from the owner, agent, charterer or person in charge of a conveyance and who
conveyed a foreigner contemplated in section 35(9) to the Republic;

(Section 7(1)(n) substituted by section 4(e) of Act 13 of 2011)

(o) any matter that may be prescribed under this Act; and

(p) generally, any matter required for the better achievement of the objects and purposes of this
Act.

(2) Different regulations may be made under subsection (1)(c) in respect of different ports of entry, and
the forms of warrants, permanent residence permits, a port of entry visa, visas, certificates,
documents, declarations or registers prescribed under subsection (1)(g) may differ in respect of
different categories of persons.

(Section 7(2) substituted by section 4(f) of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) A regulation made under subsection (1) may provide that any person who contravenes a provision
thereof or fails to comply therewith shall be guilty of an offence and on conviction be liable to a fine, or
to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 12 months.

(4) The Minister may-

(a) exempt a person or category of persons from paying fees prescribed under subsection (1)(h);
and

(b) withdraw an exemption granted to a person or a category of persons under paragraph (a).

(5) Any fee which may be prescribed under subsection (1) shall be prescribed by the Minister with the
concurrence of the Minister of Finance.

(Commencement date of section 7: 20 February 2003)

(Section 7 substituted by section 8 of Act 19 of 2004)

8. Review and appeal procedures

(1) An immigration officer who refuses entry to any person or finds any person to be an illegal foreigner
shall inform that person on the prescribed form that he or she may in writing request the Minister to
review that decision and-

(a) if he or she arrived by means of a conveyance which is on the point of departing and is not to
call at any other port of entry in the Republic, that request shall without delay be submitted to
the Minister; or

(b) in any other case than the one provided for in paragraph (a), that request shall be submitted to
the Minister within three days after that decision.
(2) A person who was refused entry or was found to be an illegal foreigner and who has requested a
review of such a decision-

(a) in a case contemplated in subsection (1)(a), and who has not received an answer to his or her
request by the time the relevant conveyance departs, shall depart on that conveyance and shall
await the outcome of the review outside the Republic; or

(b) in a case contemplated in subsection (1)(b), shall not be removed from the Republic before the
Minister has confirmed the relevant decision.

(3) Any decision in terms of this Act, other than a decision contemplated in subsection (1), that materially
and adversely affects the rights of any person, shall be communicated to that person in the prescribed
manner and shall be accompanied by the reasons for that decision.

(4) An applicant aggrieved by a decision contemplated in subsection (3) may, within 10 working days from
receipt of the notification contemplated in subsection (3), make an application in the prescribed
manner to the Director-General for the review or appeal of that decision.

(5) The Director-General shall consider the application contemplated in subsection (4), whereafter he or
she shall either confirm, reverse or modify that decision.

(6) An applicant aggrieved by a decision of the Director-General contemplated in subsection (5) may,
within 10 working days of receipt of that decision, make an application in the prescribed manner to the
Minister for the review or appeal of that decision.

(7) The Minister shall consider the application contemplated in subsection (6), whereafter he or she shall
either confirm, reverse or modify that decision.

(Section 8 substituted by section 9 of Act 19 of 2004)

ADMISSION AND DEPARTURE

9. Admission and departure

(1) Subject to this Act, no person shall enter or depart from the Republic at a place other than a port of
entry.

(2) Subject to this Act, a citizen shall be admitted, provided that he or she identifies himself or herself as
such and the immigration officer records his or her entrance.

(3) No person shall enter or depart from the Republic-
(a) unless he or she is in possession of a valid passport, and in the case of a minor, has his or her
own valid passport;

(b) except at a port of entry, unless exempted in the prescribed manner by the Minister, which
exemption may be withdrawn by the Minister;

(c) unless the entry or departure is recorded by an immigration officer in the prescribed manner;
and

(d) unless his or her relevant admission documents have been examined in the prescribed manner
and he or she has been interviewed in the prescribed manner by an immigration officer:
Provided that, in the case of a child, such examination and interview shall be conducted in the
presence of the parent or relative or, if the minor is not accompanied by the parent or relative,
any person of the same gender as the minor.

(Section 9(3) substituted by section 5(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(4) A foreigner who is not the holder of a permanent residence permit contemplated in section 25 may
only enter the Republic as contemplated in this section if-

(a) his or her passport is valid for a prescribed period; and

(b) issued with a valid visa, as set out in this Act.

(Section 9(4) substituted by section 5(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(Section 9 substituted by section 10 of Act 19 of 2004)

9A. Place of entry or exit

(1) The Minister may, in the prescribed manner, designate any place in the Republic, which complies with
the prescribed requirements, where all persons have to report before they may enter, sojourn or
remain within, or depart from, the Republic.
(2) The Minister may, on good cause shown, withdraw the designation contemplated in subsection (1) at
any time.

(Section 9A inserted by section 6 of Act 13 of 2011)

TEMPORARY RESIDENCE

10. Visas to temporarily sojourn in Republic

(Heading of section 10 substituted by section 7(a) of Act 13 of 2011)
(1) Upon admission, a foreigner, who is not a holder of a permanent residence permit, may enter and
sojourn in the Republic only if in possession of a visa issued by the Director-General for a prescribed
period.

(Section 10(1) substituted by section 7(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) Subject to this Act, upon application in person and in the prescribed manner, a foreigner may be
issued one of the following visas for purposes of-

(a) transit through the Republic as contemplated in section 10B;

(b) a visit as contemplated in section 11;

(c) study as contemplated in section 13;

(d) conducting activities in the Republic in terms of an international agreement to which the
Republic is a party as contemplated in section 14;

(e) establishing or investing in a business as contemplated in section 15;

(f) working as a crew member of a conveyance in the Republic as contemplated in section 16;

(g) obtaining medical treatment as contemplated in section 17;

(h) staying with a relative as contemplated in section 18;

(i) working as contemplated in section 19 or 21;

(j) retirement as contemplated in section 20;

(k) an exchange programme as contemplated in section 22; or

(l) applying for asylum as contemplated in section 23.

(Section 10(2) substituted by section 2 of Act 3 of 2007)

(Section 10(2) substituted by section 7(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) If issued outside the Republic, a visa is deemed to be of force and effect only after an admission.

(4) A visa is to be issued on condition that the holder is not or does not become a prohibited or an
undesirable person.

(5) The Director-General may for good cause attach reasonable individual terms and conditions as may
be prescribed to a visa.

(6)

(a) Subject to this Act, a foreigner, other than the holder of a visitor’s or medical treatment visa,
may apply to the Director-General in the prescribed manner to change his or her status or terms
and conditions attached to his or her visa, or both such status and terms and conditions, as the
case may be, while in the Republic.

(b) An application for a change of status attached to a visitor’s or medical treatment visa shall not
be made by the visa holder while in the Republic, except in exceptional circumstances as
prescribed.

(Section 10(6) substituted by section 7(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(7) Subject to this Act, the Director-General may, on application in the prescribed manner and on the
prescribed form, extend the period for which a visa contemplated in subsection (2) was issued.

(8) An application for a change in status does not provide a status and does not entitle the applicant to
any benefit under the Act, except for those explicitly set out in the Act, or to sojourn in the Republic
pending the decision in respect of that application.

(9) The Director-General may at any time in writing notify the holder of a visa issued in terms of this
section that, subject to subsection (10), the visa shall be cancelled for the reasons disclosed in the
notice and that the holder is thereby ordered to leave the Republic within a period stated in that notice,
and upon the expiration of that period the visa shall become null and void.

(10) The holder of a visa who receives a notice contemplated in subsection (9) may, before the expiration
of the period stated in that notice, make representations to the Director-General which he or she shall
consider before making his or her decision.

(Section 10 substituted by section 11 of Act 19 of 2004)

10A. Port of entry visa

(Heading of section 10A substituted by section 8(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(1) Any foreigner who enters the Republic shall, subject to subsections (2) and (4), on demand produce a
valid port of entry visa, granted under subsection (3), to an immigration officer.

(Section 10A(1) substituted by section 8(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) Any person who holds –

(a) a valid visa for purposes of-

(i) study as contemplated in section 13;
(ii) conducting activities in the Republic in terms of an international agreement to which the
Republic is a party as contemplated in section 14;

(iii) establishing or investing in a business as contemplated in section 15;

(iv) working as a crew member of a conveyance in the Republic as contemplated in section
16;

(v) obtaining medical treatment as contemplated in section 17;

(vi) staying with a relative as contemplated in section 18;

(vii) working as contemplated in section 19 or 21;

(viii) retirement as contemplated in section 20;

(ix) an exchange programme as contemplated in section 22; or

(x) applying for asylum as contemplated in section 23: or

(b) a permanent residence permit issued in terms of sections 25 to 27,

shall, upon his or her entry into the Republic and after having been issued with that visa or permanent
residence permit, be deemed to be in possession of a valid port of entry visa for the purposes of this
section.

(Section 10A(2) substituted by section 8(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) A port of entry visa referred to in subsection (1)-

(Words preceding section 10A(3)(a) substituted by section 8(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) may, subject to any terms and conditions that the Minister may deem fit, be granted by the
Minister to any person who is not exempt, as contemplated in subsection (4), from the
requirement of having to be in possession of a valid port of entry visa, and who has applied for
such a port of entry visa in the prescribed manner;

(Section 10A(3)(a) substituted by section 8(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(b) shall contain a statement to the effect that authority to proceed to the Republic to report to an
immigration officer at a port of entry has been granted by the Minister to the holder of a
passport, and such statement shall be endorsed in the passport concerned; and

(c) may for good cause be withdrawn and declared null and void by the Minister.
(4) The Minister may-

(a) exempt any person or category of persons from subsection (1) with regard to the requirement of
having to be in possession of a valid port of entry visa in order to obtain a visitor’s visa
contemplated in section 11, for a specified or unspecified period and either unconditionally or
subject to the terms and conditions that the Minister may impose;

(Section 10A(4)(a) substituted by section 8(e) of Act 13 of 2011)

(b) exclude any person belonging to a category of persons contemplated in paragraph (a) from any
exemption granted to that category; and

(c) withdraw any exemption granted in terms of paragraph (a) to any category of persons or to any
person, and, in the case of a person, the Minister may do so irrespective of whether that person
was exempted as an individual or as a member of a category of persons.

(5) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a
fine or imprisonment for a period not exceeding 12 months, and an immigration officer may-

(a) whether or not that person has been convicted of that offence, if that person is not in custody,
arrest him or her or cause him or her to be arrested without a warrant;

(b) remove that person or cause him or her to be removed from the Republic under a warrant
issued by the Minister; and

(c) pending the removal of that person, detain him or her or cause him or her to be detained in the
manner and at a place determined by the Director-General.

(6) If a person has been convicted and sentenced under subsection (5), that person may before the
expiration of that sentence be removed from the Republic in the manner contemplated in the said
subsection.

(Section 10A inserted by section 12 of Act 19 of 2004)

10B. Transit visas

(1) Subject to subsection (4)(a), no person, other than a citizen or permanent resident, who is proceeding
from a place outside the Republic to a destination outside the Republic, shall travel through the
Republic, unless he or she is in possession of a transit visa issued for that purpose in terms of
subsection (2).

(Section 10B(1) substituted by section 3 of Act 3 of 2007)

(2) The Minister may, on the terms and conditions that he or she may impose, authorise the issue of a
transit visa to any person.

(3) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) or who, while travelling through the Republic as
contemplated in subsection (1), fails on demand by an immigration officer to produce a transit visa
issued to him or her under subsection (2), or any holder of any such transit visa who contravenes any
condition of that visa-

(a) shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not
exceeding two years; and

(b) may be dealt with as an illegal foreigner, whether or not that person has been convicted or
sentenced as contemplated in paragraph (a).

(4) The Minister may-

(a) exempt any person or category of persons from this section;

(b) exclude any person belonging to a category of persons contemplated in paragraph (a) from any
exemption granted to that category; and

(c) withdraw any exemption granted under paragraph (a) to any category of persons or to any
person and, in the case of a person, whether or not he or she was exempted as an individual or
as a member of a category of persons.

(Section 10B inserted by section 12 of Act 19 of 2004)

11. Visitor’s visa

(1) A visitor’s visa may be issued for any purpose other than those provided for in sections 13 to 24, and
subject to subsection (2), by the Director-General in respect of a foreigner who complies with section
10A and provides the financial or other guarantees prescribed in respect of his or her departure:
Provided that such visa –

(a) may not exceed three months and upon application may be renewed by the Director-General for
a further period which shall not exceed three months; or

(b) may be issued by the Director-General upon application for any period which may not exceed
three years to a foreigner who has satisfied the Director-General that he or she controls
sufficient available financial resources, which may be prescribed, and is engaged in the
Republic in-

(i) an academic sabbatical;

(ii) voluntary or charitable activities;

(iii) research; or

(iv) any other prescribed activity.

(Section 11(1) substituted by section 13(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 11(1) substituted by section 4(a) of Act 3 of 2007)

(2) The holder of a visitor’s visa may not conduct work: Provided that the holder of a visitor’s visa issued in
terms of subsection (1)(a) or (b)(iv) may be authorised by the Director-General in the prescribed
manner and subject to the prescribed requirements and terms and conditions to conduct work.

(Section 11(2) substituted by section 13(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 11(2) substituted by section 4(b) of Act 3 of 2007)

(3) ……….

(Section 11(3) deleted by section 13(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(4) ……….

(Section 11(4) deleted by section 13(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(5) Special financial and other guarantees may be prescribed in respect of the issuance of a visitor’s visa
to certain prescribed classes of foreigners.

(Section 11(5) substituted by section 13(d) of Act 19 of 2004)

(6) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, a visitor’s visa may be issued to a foreigner who is the
spouse of a citizen or permanent resident and who does not qualify for any of the visas contemplated
in sections 13 to 22: Provided that-

(a) such visa shall only be valid while the good faith spousal relationship exists;

(b) on application, the holder of such visa may be authorised to perform any of the activities
provided for in the visas contemplated in sections 13 to 22; and

(c) the holder of such visa shall apply for permanent residence contemplated in section 26(b) within
three months from the date upon which he or she qualifies to be issued with that visa.

(Section 11(6) added by section 13(e) of Act 19 of 2004)

12. ………

(Section 12 repealed by section 14 of Act 19 of 2004)

13. Study visa
(1) A study visa may be issued, in the prescribed manner, to a foreigner intending to study in the Republic
for a period not less than the period of study, by the Director-General: Provided that such foreigner
complies with the prescribed requirements.

(2) The holder of a study visa may conduct certain work as prescribed.

(Section 13 amended by section 15 and 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 13 substituted by section 9 of Act 13 of 2011)

14. Treaty visa

(1) A treaty visa may be issued to a foreigner conducting activities in the Republic in terms of an
international agreement to which the Republic is a party.

(2) A treaty visa may be issued by –

(a) the Director-General, as prescribed; or

(b) a department or another organ of state responsible for the implementation of the treaty
concerned under a delegation from the Director-General: Provided that-

(Words preceding section 14(2)(b)(i) substituted by section 10 of Act 13 of 2011)

(i) information relating to the failure of such foreigner to comply with the terms and
conditions of the visa and to depart when required is conveyed to the Director-General;

(ii) the organ of state concerned satisfies the Director-General that, under the circumstances,
it has the capacity to perform this function; and

(iii) the visa is issued in accordance with the prescribed requirements, procedures and forms.

(Section 14(2) substituted by section 16 of Act 19 of 2004)

15. Business visa

(1) Subject to subsection (1A), a business visa may be issued by the Director-General to a foreigner
intending to establish or invest in, or who has established or invested in, a business in the Republic in
which he or she may be employed, and an appropriate visa for the duration of the business visa to the
members of such foreigner’s immediate family: Provided that-

(Words preceding section 15(1)(a) substituted by section 11(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) such foreigner invests the prescribed financial or capital contribution in such business;
(b) the contribution referred to in paragraph (a) forms part of the intended book value of such
business; and

(c) such foreigner has undertaken to –

(i) comply with any relevant registration requirement set out in any law administered by the
South African Revenue Service; and

(ii) employ the prescribed percentage or number of citizens or permanent residents within a
period of 12 months from the date of issue of the visa.

(Section 15(1)(c) substituted by section 11(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(1A) No business visa may be issued or renewed in respect of any business undertaking which is listed as
undesirable by the Minister from time to time in the Gazette, after consultation with the Minister
responsible for trade and industry.

(Section 15(1A) inserted by section 11(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) The holder of a business visa may not conduct work other than work related to the business in respect
of which the visa has been issued.

(3) The Director-General may reduce or waive the financial or capital contribution referred to in subsection
(1)(a) for businesses which are prescribed to be in the national interest, or when so requested by the
Department of Trade and Industry.

(Section 15(3) substituted by section 5 of Act 3 of 2007)

(4) The holder of a business visa shall submit proof to the satisfaction of the Director-General that he or
she has fulfilled the requirements contemplated in subsection (1)(a) within 24 months of the issuance
of the visa, and within every two years thereafter.

(5) A business visa may be issued to a foreigner for more than one entry if multiple entries into the
Republic by that foreigner over a period of time are necessary for that foreigner to conduct the
business in question effectively.

(Section 15 substituted by section 17 of Act 19 of 2004)

16. Crew visa

(1) The Director-General may, as prescribed, issue a crew visa to a foreigner who is a member of the
crew of a conveyance.

(Section 16(1) substituted by section 18 of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) A crew visa may be issued on condition that the holder agrees to refrain from moving beyond a
predetermined area.

(3) The holder of a crew visa may not conduct work.

17. Medical treatment visa

(1) A medical treatment visa may be issued to a foreigner intending to receive medical treatment in the
Republic for longer than three months by –

(a) the Director-General, as prescribed, or

(b) the Director-General through the registrars office or a designated official of an institution where
the foreigner intends to receive treatment, provided that such institution –

(i) has been approved by and is in good standing with the Director-General;

(ii) certifies that it has received guarantees to its satisfaction that such foreigner’s treatment
costs will be paid;

(iii) in the case of a minor, provides the name of a person present in South Africa who is, or
has accepted to act, as such minor’s guardian while in the Republic or certifies that such
minor will be accompanied by a parent or guardian to the Republic;

(iv) undertakes to provide a prescribed periodic certification that such foreigner is under
treatment; and

(v) undertakes to notify the Director-General when such foreigner has completed his or her
treatment.

(Section 17(1) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) When so requested by and after consultation with the Department of Health, the Director-General shall
determine an ad hoc fee for the issuance of medical treatment visas in respect of institutions which are
publicly funded or subsidised.

(Section 17(2) substituted by section 19 of Act 19 of 2004)

(3) A medical treatment visa does not entitle the holder to conduct work.

18. Relative’s visa

(1) A relative’s visa may be issued for the prescribed period by the Director-General to a foreigner who is
a member of the immediate family of a citizen or a permanent resident, provided that such citizen or
permanent resident provides the prescribed financial assurance.

(Section 18(1) substituted by section 20 of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) The holder of a relative’s visa may not conduct work.

19. Work visa

(1) …..

(Section 19(1) deleted by section 12(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) A general work visa may be issued by the Director-General to a foreigner not falling within a category
contemplated in subsection (4) and who complies with the prescribed requirements.

(Section 19(2) substituted by section 12(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) …..

(Section 19(3) deleted by section 12(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(4) Subject to any prescribed requirements, a critical skills work visa may be issued by the Director-
General to an individual possessing such skills or qualifications determined to be critical for the
Republic from time to time by the Minister by notice in the Gazette and to those members of his or her
immediate family determined by the Director- General under the circumstances or as may be
prescribed.

(Section 19(4) substituted by section 12(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(5) An intra-company transfer work visa may be issued by the Director- General to a foreigner who
complies with the prescribed requirements.

(Section 19(5) amended by section 6 of Act 3 of 2007)

(Section 19(5) substituted by section 12(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(6) The holder of an intra-company transfer work visa may conduct work only for the employer referred to
in subsection (5) and in accordance with the requirements set out in his or her visa.

(Section 19 substituted by section 21 of Act 19 of 2004)

20. Retired person visa

(1) A retired person visa may be issued for a period exceeding three months to a foreigner who intends to
retire in the Republic, provided that the foreigner provides proof that such foreigner has –

(a) the right to a pension or an irrevocable annuity or retirement account which will give such
foreigner a prescribed minimum payment for the rest of his or her life from the country of his or
her origin; or

(b) a minimum prescribed net worth.
(1A) The spouse and dependent children accompanying the holder of a retired person visa may be issued
with an appropriate visa issued in terms of this Act.

(Section 20(1A) inserted by section 7 of Act 3 of 2007)

(2) The Director-General may authorise the holder of a retired person visa to conduct work under terms
and conditions as the Director-General may deem fit to determine under the circumstances.

(Section 20(2) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(3) A retired person visa may –

(a) allow its holder to sojourn in the Republic on a seasonal or continuous basis; and

(b) not exceed a four-year period, at the expiry of which it may be renewed one or more times,
subject to subsection (1).

21. Corporate visa

(1) Subject to subsection (1A), a corporate visa may be issued by the Director-General to a corporate
applicant, to employ foreigners who may conduct work for such corporate applicant in the Republic.

(Section 21(1) substituted by section 13(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(1A) No corporate visa may be issued or renewed in respect of any business undertaking which is listed as
undesirable by the Minister from time to time in the Gazette, after consultation with the Minister
responsible for trade and industry.

(Section 21(1A) inserted by section 13(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) The Director-General shall determine, in consultation with the prescribed departments, the maximum
number of foreigners to be employed in terms of a corporate visa by a corporate applicant, after
having considered-

(Words preceding section 21(2)(a) substituted by section 13(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) the undertaking by the corporate applicant that it will-

(i) take prescribed measures to ensure that any foreigner employed in terms of the
corporate visa will at all times comply with the provisions of this Act and the corporate
visa; and

(ii) immediately notify the Director- General if it has reason to believe that such foreigner is
no longer in compliance with subparagraph (i);
(b) the financial guarantees posted in the prescribed amount and form by the corporate applicant to
defray deportation and other costs should the corporate visa be withdrawn, or certain foreigners
fail to leave the Republic when no longer subject to the corporate visa; and

(c) corroborated representations made by the corporate applicant in respect of the need to employ
foreigners, their job descriptions, the number of citizens or permanent residents employed and
their positions, and other prescribed matters.

(3) The Director-General may withdraw or amend a corporate visa for good and reasonable cause.

(4) The Minister may, after consultation with the Minister of Trade and Industry or Minerals and Energy or
Agriculture, as the case may be, and the Minister of Labour, designate certain industries, or segments
thereof, in respect of which the Government may-

(a) reduce or waive the requirements of subsection (2)(c);

(b) enter into agreements with one or more foreign states and set as a condition of a corporate visa
that its holder-

(i) employs foreigners partially, mainly or wholly from such foreign countries; and

(ii) remits a portion of the salaries of such foreigners to such foreign countries;

(c) apply this subsection in respect of foreigners required for seasonal or temporary peak period
employment; or

(d) waive or reduce the requirement of subsection (2)(b) under special terms and conditions.

(5) ……

(Section 21(5) deleted by section 13(d) of Act 13 of 2011)

(6) A foreigner employed in terms of a corporate visa shall work for the holder of that corporate visa.

(Section 21(6) added by section 13(e) of Act 13 of 2011)

(Section 21 substituted by section 22 of Act 19 of 2004)

22. Exchange visa

An exchange visa may be issued by the Director-General to a foreigner –
(a) participating in a programme of cultural, economic or social exchange, organised or
administered by an organ of state or a learning institution, in conjunction with a learning
institution or an organ of a foreign state, provided that-

(i) such organ of state or learning institution reports to the Director-General on the stages
and the completion of the relevant programme together with other prescribed information;
and

(ii) it may be prescribed that, in respect of certain programmes, upon expiration of such visa
such foreigner may not qualify for a status until he or she has complied with the
requirement of a prescribed period of physical presence in his or her foreign country or of
domicile outside the Republic; or

(Section 22(a) substituted by section 23(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(b) who is under 25 years of age and has received an offer to conduct work for no longer than one
year: Provided that–

(Words preceding section 22(b)(i) substituted by section 14(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(i) the prospective employer certifies that the position exists, and has committed himself or
herself to –

(aa) pay such foreigner remuneration which complies with applicable legal
requirements;

(bb) provide for the welfare and the needs of such foreigner while in the Republic under
the aforesaid visa; and

(cc) report to the Director-General the failure of the foreigner to comply with the terms
of his or her visa or to depart when so required;

(ii) such foreigner may not conduct work other than work for which the visa is issued;

(Section 22(b)(ii) amended by section 14(b) of Act 13 of 2011, the Gazette refers to paragraph
(iii), but we are of the view that the intention was to delete the word “and” at the end of
Paragraph (ii))

(iii) such foreigner may not qualify for a permanent residence visa within two years after the
expiry of the exchange visa, which requirement may be waived by the Director-General in
extraordinary circumstances.

(Section 22(b)(iii) substituted by section 23(b) of Act 19 of 2004)
(iv) no visa may be granted under this section if the offer to conduct work pertains to an
undesirable work as published by the Minister from time to time in the Gazette, after
consultation with the Minister responsible for trade and industry.

(Section 22(b)(iv) added by section 14(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(Section 22 amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

23. Asylum transit visa

(1) The Director-General may, subject to the prescribed procedure under which an asylum transit visa
may be granted, issue an asylum transit visa to a person who at a port of entry claims to be an asylum
seeker, valid for a period of five days only, to travel to the nearest Refugee Reception Office in order
to apply for asylum.

(2) Despite anything contained in any other law, when the visa contemplated in subsection (1) expires
before the holder reports in person at a Refugee Reception Office in order to apply for asylum in terms
of section 21 of the Refugees Act, 1998 (Act No. 130 of 1998), the holder of that visa shall become an
illegal foreigner and be dealt with in accordance with this Act.

(Section 23 substituted by section 24 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 23 substituted by section 15 of Act 13 of 2011)

24. ….

(Section 24 substituted by section 25 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 24 repealed by section 16 of Act 13 of 2011)

PERMANENT RESIDENCE

25. Permanent residence

(1) The holder of a permanent residence permit has all the rights, privileges, duties and obligations of a
citizen, save for those rights, privileges, duties and obligations which a law or the Constitution explicitly
ascribes to citizenship.

(2) Subject to this Act, upon application, one of the permanent residence permits set out in sections 26
and 27 may be issued to a foreigner.

(3) A permanent residence permit shall be issued on condition that the holder is not a prohibited or an
undesirable person, and subject to section 28.

(Section 25(3) substituted by section 26 of Act 19 of 2004)
(4) For good cause, as prescribed, the Director-General may attach reasonable individual terms and
conditions to a permanent residence permit.

(Section 25(4) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

26. Direct residence

Subject to section 25 and any prescribed requirements, the Director-General may issue a permanent
residence permit to a foreigner who-

(Words preceding section 26(a) substituted by section 17(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) has been the holder of a work visa in terms of this Act for five years and has proven to the
satisfaction of the Director-General that he or she has received an offer for permanent
employment;

(Section 26(a) substituted by section 17(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(b) has been the spouse of a citizen or permanent resident for five years and the Director-General is
satisfied that a good faith spousal relationship exists: Provided that such permanent residence
permit shall lapse if at any time within two years from the issuing of that permanent residence
permit the good faith spousal relationship no longer subsists, save for the case of death;

(Section 26(b) substituted by section 17(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(c) is a child under the age of 21 of a citizen or permanent resident, provided that such permit shall
lapse if such foreigner does not submit an application for its confirmation within two years of his
or her having turned 18 years of age; or

(d) is a child of a citizen.

(Section 26 substituted by section 27 of Act 19 of 2004)

27. Residence on other grounds

The Director-General may, subject to any prescribed requirements, issue a permanent residence
permit to a foreigner of good and sound character who-

(Words preceding section 27(a) substituted by section 18(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) has received an offer for permanent employment, provided that-

(i) such foreigner has proven to the satisfaction of the Director-General that the position
exists and that the position and related job description was advertised in the prescribed
form and no suitably qualified citizen or permanent resident was available to fill it;

(ii) the application falls within the specific professional category or within the specific
occupational class contemplated in section 19(1); and
(Section 27(a)(ii) substituted by section 8(a) of Act 3 of 2007)

(iii) the permit may be extended to such foreigner’s spouse and children younger than 18
years of age;

(b) taking into account any prescribed requirement, has demonstrated to the satisfaction of the
Director-General that he or she possesses extraordinary skills or qualifications, and to those
members of such foreigner’s immediate family determined by the Director-General under the
circumstances or as may be prescribed;

(c) intends to establish or has established a business in the Republic, as contemplated in section
15, and investing in it or in an established business, as contemplated in section 15, the
prescribed financial contribution to be part of the intended book value, and to the members of
such foreigner’s immediate family: Provided that-

(Words preceding section 27(c)(i) substituted by section 18(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(i) the Director-General may waive or reduce such financial or capital contribution for
businesses prescribed to be in the national interest or when so requested by the
Department of Trade and Industry; and

(ii) the permanent residence permit shall lapse if the holder fails to prove within two years of
the issuance of the permanent residence permit and three years thereafter, to the
satisfaction of the Director-General, that the prescribed financial contribution to be part of
the intended book value is still invested as contemplated in this paragraph;

(Section 27(c)(ii) substituted by section 18(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(Section 27(c) substituted by section 8(b) of Act 3 of 2007)

(d) is a refugee referred to in section 21(c) of the Refugees Act, 1998 (Act No. 130 of 1998),
subject to any prescribed requirement;

(e) intends to retire in the Republic, provided that such foreigner proves to the satisfaction of the
Director-General that he or she-

(i) has the right to a pension or an irrevocable annuity or retirement account which will give
such foreigner a prescribed minimum payment for the rest of his or her life; or

(ii) has a minimum prescribed net worth;

(f) has proven to the satisfaction of the Director-General that he or she has a prescribed minimum
net worth and has paid a prescribed amount to the Director-General; or
(g) is the relative of a citizen or permanent resident within the first step of kinship.

(Section 27 substituted by section 28 of Act 19 of 2004)

28. Withdrawal of permanent residence permit

(Heading substituted by section 29(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

The Director-General may withdraw a permanent residence permit if its holder –

(a) is convicted of any of the offences-

(i) listed in Schedules 1 and 2; or

(ii) in terms of this Act;

(Section 28(a) substituted by section 29(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 28(a) substituted by section 9 of Act 3 of 2007)

(b) has failed to comply with the terms and conditions of his or her permit;

(Section 28(b) substituted by section 29(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(c) has been absent from the Republic for more than three years, provided that –

(i) upon showing good cause and upon prior application the Director-General may extend
this period in specific cases;

(ii) the time when such holder –

(aa) was residing abroad while in the service of the State;

(bb) was residing abroad while a representative or employee of a person or association
of persons resident or established in the Republic;

(cc) was residing abroad while in the service of an international organisation of which
the State is a member;

(dd) in the case of the spouse or dependent child of a person referred to in subitem
(aa), (bb) or (cc), such spouse or child was residing with such person; or

(ee) in the case of the spouse or dependent child of a person who is a South African
citizen, such spouse or child was residing with such person,

shall not be computed within such period;
(iii) the Minister may grant an exemption from the requirement of residence in respect of
certain residents or class of residents;

(Section 28(c)(iii) substituted by section 29(d) of Act 19 of 2004)

(iv) the period of absence may only be interrupted by an admission and sojourn in the
Republic; and

(v) the requirement of residence in the Republic shall not affect any foreigner to whom
exemption has been granted under section 31(2)(b) as a member of a category of
persons, unless such foreigner previously entered the Republic or sojourned therein for
the purpose of permanent residence under the authority of such exemption; or

(d) has not taken up residence in the Republic within one year of the issuance of such permit.

(Section 28 amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

EXCLUSIONS AND EXEMPTIONS

29. Prohibited persons

(1) The following foreigners are prohibited persons and do not qualify for a port of entry visa, admission
into the Republic, a visa or a permanent residence permit:

(Words preceding section 29(1)(a) substituted by section 19(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) Those infected with or carrying infectious, communicable or other diseases or viruses as
prescribed;

(b) anyone against whom a warrant is outstanding or a conviction has been secured in the Republic
or a foreign country in respect of genocide, terrorism, human smuggling, trafficking in persons,
murder, torture, drug-related charges, money laundering or kidnapping;

(Section 29(1)(b) substituted by section 19(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(c) anyone previously deported and not rehabilitated by the Director-General in the prescribed
manner;

(d) a member of or adherent to an association or organisation advocating the practice of racial
hatred or social violence;

(e) anyone who is or has been a member of or adherent to an organisation or association utilising
crime or terrorism to pursue its ends; and

(f) anyone found in possession of a fraudulent visa, passport, permanent residence permit or
identification document.
(Section 29(1)(f) substituted by section 19(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) The Director-General may, for good cause, declare a person referred to in subsection (1) not to be a
prohibited person.

(Section 29 substituted by section 30 of Act 19 of 2004)

30. Undesirable persons

(1) The following foreigners may be declared undesirable by the Director- General, as prescribed, and
after such declaration do not qualify for a port of entry visa, visa, admission into the Republic or a
permanent residence permit:

(Words preceding section 30(1)(a) substituted by section 20(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(a) Anyone who is or is likely to become a public charge;

(b) anyone identified as such by the Minister;

(c) anyone who has been judicially declared incompetent;

(d) an unrehabilitated insolvent;

(e) anyone who has been ordered to depart in terms of this Act;

(f) anyone who is a fugitive from justice;

(Section 30(1)(f) substituted by section 20(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(g) anyone with previous criminal convictions without the option of a fine for conduct which would
be an offence in the Republic, with the exclusion of certain prescribed offences; and

(Section 30(1)(g) substituted by section 20(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(h) any person who has overstayed the prescribed number of times.

(Section 30(1)(h) added by section 20(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) Upon application by the affected person, the Minister may, for good cause, waive any of the grounds
of undesirability.

(Section 30 substituted by section 31 of Act 19 of 2004)

31. Exemptions

(1) The following persons or categories of persons are not illegal foreigners:
(a) a member of a military force of a foreign state which has been granted consent by the
Government of the Republic to enter the Republic, while such consent subsists; and

(b) the officers and crew of a public conveyance of a foreign state, while such conveyance is in the
port of entry.

(Section 31(1)(b) substituted by section 32(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) Upon application, the Minister may under terms and conditions determined by him or her-

(a) allow a distinguished visitor and certain members of his or her immediate family and members
in his or her employ or of his or her household to be admitted to and sojourn in the Republic,
provided that such foreigners do not intend to reside in the Republic permanently;

(b) grant a foreigner or a category of foreigners the rights of permanent residence for a specified or
unspecified period when special circumstances exist which would justify such a decision:
Provided that the Minister may-

(i) exclude one or more identified foreigners from such categories; and

(ii) for good cause, withdraw such rights from a foreigner or a category of foreigners;

(c) for good cause, waive any prescribed requirement or form; and

(d) for good cause, withdraw an exemption granted by him or her in terms of this section.

(Section 31(2) substituted by section 32(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(3) The provisions of sections 10 and 25 shall not apply to a foreigner-

(a) who prior to 1 February 1937 lawfully entered the Republic for the purpose of permanent
residence therein;

(b) who by virtue of the Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges Act, 2001 (Act No. 37 of 2001), enjoys
any immunities and privileges in the Republic; or

(c) to whom a written authority or permission to enter the Republic has been issued in terms of
section 1 or 3 of the Immigration Quota Act, 1930 (Act No. 8 of 1930), and who entered the
Republic within the period stated in that authority or visa or within that period as lawfully
extended.

(Section 31(3) added by section 32(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

ENFORCEMENT AND MONITORING
32. Illegal foreigners

(1) Any illegal foreigner shall depart, unless authorised by the Director-General in the prescribed manner
to remain in the Republic pending his or her application for a status.

(Section 32(1) substituted by section 33 of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) Any illegal foreigner shall be deported.

33. Inspectorate

(1) An inspectorate is hereby established and shall consist of the persons, including immigration officers,
determined by the Minister.

(Section 33(1) substituted by section 34(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(2) (a) The Minister shall appoint the head of the inspectorate.

(b) The Director-General shall appoint immigration officers and other persons required to exercise
the functions of the inspectorate.

(c) The Minister may prescribe-

(i) the procedure to be followed in the appointment of immigration officers or categories of
immigration officers;

(ii) the requirements for the appointment contemplated in subparagraph (i); and

(iii) the allocation of functions to immigration officers or categories of immigration officers.

(Section 33(2) substituted by section 34(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(3) The inspectorate shall investigate any matter falling within the scope of this Act, subject to the
directions of the Minister, and shall in the performance of its functions follow such procedure as may
be prescribed.

(4) An immigration officer may, for the purposes of this Act –

(a) at any time before the commencement or in the course of an investigation conduct an
inspection in loco in accordance with subsections (5) and (9);

(b) by notice in writing call upon any person who is in possession of or has the custody of or control
over any thing which in the opinion of the Director-General is relevant to the investigation to
produce such thing, and the Director-General may inspect and retain any thing so produced for
a reasonable time; and

(c) by notice in writing call upon any person to appear before the Director-General and to give
evidence or to answer questions relevant to the subject matter of the investigation:

Provided that any of such notices shall specify the time when and the place where the person to whom
it is directed shall appear, be signed by an immigration officer, be served by an immigration officer or a
sheriff by delivering a copy thereof to the person concerned or by leaving it at such person’s last
known place of residence or business, and shall specify the reason why the thing is to be produced or
the evidence is to be given.

(Section 33(4) substituted by section 34(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(5) In the pursuance of this Act, an immigration officer may obtain a warrant to –

(a) enter or search any premises for a person or thing or to make inquiries, including the power to –

(i) examine any thing found in or upon such premises;

(ii) request from the person who is in control of such premises or in whose possession or
under whose control any thing is when it is found, or who is upon reasonable grounds
believed to have information with regard to such thing, an explanation or information; and

(iii) make copies of or extracts from any such thing found upon or in such premises;

(b) apprehend an illegal foreigner, subject to section 34(1); or

(c) after having issued a receipt in respect thereof, seize and remove documentation or any other
thing which –

(i) is concerned with or is upon reasonable grounds suspected of being concerned with any
matter which is the subject of any investigation in terms of this Act; or

(ii) contains, or is on reasonable grounds suspected to contain, information with regard to
any such matter,

provided that –

(aa) any thing so seized shall be returned in good order as soon as possible after the purpose
of its seizure has been accomplished; and

(bb) a person from whom a book or document has been taken shall be allowed reasonable
access, including the right to make copies at his or her expense.
(6) A warrant referred to in subsection (5) shall be issued by a magistrate of a Court which has jurisdiction
in the area where the premises in question are situated, and only if it appears to the magistrate from
information on oath that there are reasonable grounds for believing that a thing mentioned in
subsection (5) is upon or in such premises, and shall specify which of the acts mentioned in
subsection (5) may be performed thereunder by the person to whom it is issued.

(7) A warrant issued in terms of this section shall be executed by day unless the magistrate who issues
the warrant authorises its execution by night at times which shall be reasonable, and any entry upon
or search of any premises in terms of this section shall be conducted with strict regard to decency and
order, including –

(a) a person’s right to, respect for, and the protection of, his or her dignity;

(b) the right of a person to freedom and security; and

(c) the right of a person to his or her personal privacy.

(8) A person executing a warrant in terms of this section shall immediately before commencing with the
execution –

(a) identify himself or herself to the person in control of the premises, if such person is present, and
hand to such person a copy of the warrant or, if such person is not present, affix such copy to a
prominent place on the premises; and

(b) supply such person at his or her request with particulars regarding his or her authority to
execute such a warrant.

(9)

(a) An immigration officer may, without a warrant, enter upon any premises, other than a private
dwelling, and exercise the powers referred to in subsection (5)(a) and (c) –

(i) if the person who is competent to do so consents to such entry, search, seizure and
removal; or

(ii) if he or she upon reasonable grounds believes that –

(aa) the required warrant will be issued to him or her in terms of subsection (5) if he or
she were to apply for such warrant; and

(bb) the delay caused by the obtaining of any such warrant would defeat the object of
the entry, search, seizure and removal.
(b) Any entry and search in terms of paragraph (a) shall be executed by day, unless the execution
thereof by night is justifiable and necessary.

(10)

(a) Any person who may on the authority of a warrant issued in terms of subsection (5), or under
the provisions of subsection (9), enter upon and search any premises, may use such force as
may be reasonably necessary to overcome resistance to such entry or search; and

(b) No person may enter upon or search any premises unless he or she has audibly demanded
access to the premises and has notified the purpose of his or her entry, unless such person is
upon reasonable grounds of the opinion that any thing may be destroyed or a person put at risk
of bodily harm if such access is first demanded and such purpose is first notified.

(11) If, during the execution of a warrant or the conducting of a search in terms of this section, a person
claims that a thing found on or in the premises concerned contains privileged information and refuses
its inspection or removal, the person executing the warrant or conducting the search shall, if he or she
is of the opinion that the thing contains information which is relevant to the investigation and that such
information is necessary for the investigation, request a person designated by a Court which has
jurisdiction to seize and remove that thing for safe custody until a Court has made a ruling on the
question whether the information concerned is privileged or not.

(12) A warrant issued in terms of this section may be issued on any day and shall be in force until –

(a) it is executed;

(b) it is cancelled by the person who issued it or, if such person is not available, by a person with
similar authority;

(c) the expiry of one month from the day of its issue; or

(d) the purpose for the issuing of the warrant has lapsed,

whichever may occur first.

(13) In consultation with the Minister and through diplomatic channels, the Director-General may obtain
permission from the relevant authority of a foreign country to receive evidence or gather information in
or from that country.

(Section 33(13) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(14) When exercising powers under this section, an immigration officer shall clearly identify him or herself
as such by means of adequate identification.
34. Deportation and detention of illegal foreigners

(1) Without the need for a warrant, an immigration officer may arrest an illegal foreigner or cause him or
her to be arrested, and shall, irrespective of whether such foreigner is arrested, deport him or her or
cause him or her to be deported and may, pending his or her deportation, detain him or her or cause
him or her to be detained in a manner and at a place determined by the Director-General, provided
that the foreigner concerned –

(Words preceding paragraph (a) substituted by section 35(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(a) shall be notified in writing of the decision to deport him or her and of his or her right to appeal
such decision in terms of this Act;

(b) may at any time request any officer attending to him or her that his or her detention for the
purpose of deportation be confirmed by warrant of a Court, which, if not issued within 48 hours
of such request, shall cause the immediate release of such foreigner;

(c) shall be informed upon arrest or immediately thereafter of the rights set out in the preceding two
paragraphs, when possible, practicable and available in a language that he or she understands;

(d) may not be held in detention for longer than 30 calendar days without a warrant of a Court
which on good and reasonable grounds may extend such detention for an adequate period not
exceeding 90 calendar days, and

(e) shall be held in detention in compliance with minimum prescribed standards protecting his or
her dignity and relevant human rights.

(2) The detention of a person in terms of this Act elsewhere than on a ship and for purposes other than
his or her deportation shall not exceed 48 hours from his or her arrest or the time at which such
person was taken into custody for examination or other purposes, provided that if such period expires
on a non-court day it shall be extended to four p.m. of the first following court day.

(3) The Director-General may order a foreigner subject to deportation to deposit a sum sufficient to cover
in whole or in part the expenses related to his or her deportation, detention, maintenance and custody
and an officer may in the prescribed manner enforce payment of such deposit.

(Section 34(3) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(4) Any person who fails to comply with an order made in terms of subsection (3) shall be guilty of an
offence and liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding R20 000 or to imprisonment not exceeding 12
months.

(5) Any person other than a citizen or a permanent resident who having been –

(Words preceding paragraph (a) substituted by section 35(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(a) removed from the Republic or while being subject to an order issued under a law to leave the
Republic, returns thereto without lawful authority or fails to comply with such order; or

(b) refused admission, whether before or after the commencement of this Act, has entered the
Republic,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not
exceeding 12 months and may, if not already in detention, be arrested without warrant and deported
under a warrant issued by a Court and, pending his or her removal, be detained in the manner and at
the place determined by the Director-General.

(6) Any illegal foreigner convicted and sentenced under this Act may be deported before the expiration of
his or her sentence and his or her imprisonment shall terminate at that time.

(7) On the basis of a warrant for the removal or release of a detained illegal foreigner, the person in
charge of the prison concerned shall deliver such foreigner to that immigration officer or police officer
bearing such warrant, and if such foreigner is not released he or she shall be deemed to be in lawful
custody while in the custody of the immigration officer or police officer bearing such warrant.

(8) A person at a port of entry who has been notified by an immigration officer that he or she is an illegal
foreigner or in respect of whom the immigration officer has made a declaration to the master of the
ship on which such foreigner arrived that such person is an illegal foreigner shall be detained by the
master on such ship and, unless such master is informed by an immigration officer that such person
has been found not to be an illegal foreigner, such master shall remove such person from the
Republic, provided that an immigration officer may cause such person to be detained elsewhere than
on such ship, or be removed in custody from such ship and detain him or her or cause him or her to be
detained in the manner and at a place determined by the Director-General.

(9) The person referred to in the preceding subsection shall, pending removal and while detained as
contemplated in that subsection, be deemed to be in the custody of the master of such ship and not of
the immigration officer or the Director-General, and such master shall be liable to pay the costs of the
detention and maintenance of such person while so detained if the master knew or should reasonably
have known that such person was an illegal foreigner, provided that –

(a) if such master fails to comply with the provisions of that subsection, or if required to pay such
costs, such master or the owner of such ship shall forfeit in respect of every person concerned a
sum fixed by the immigration officer, not exceeding an amount prescribed from time to time;

(b) the immigration officer may, before such person is removed from such ship, require the master
or the owner of such ship to deposit a sum sufficient to cover any expenses that may be
incurred by the Director-General in connection with the deportation, detention, maintenance and
custody of such person, if there are grounds to believe that the master knew or should
reasonably have known that such person was an illegal foreigner;

(c) if such person is not removed from the Republic on the ship on which he or she was conveyed
to the Republic, except by reason of not being an illegal foreigner, and if the master knew or
should have known that such person was an illegal foreigner, the owner of that ship shall at the
request of an immigration officer convey that person, or have him or her conveyed, free of
charge to the State to a place outside the Republic, and any person, other than an immigration
officer, charged by the Director-General with the duty of escorting that person to such place,
shall be deemed to be an immigration officer while performing such duty; and

(d) if the owner of such ship fails to comply with the provisions of this section, he or she shall forfeit
in respect of each such person a sum fixed by the immigration officer, not exceeding an amount
prescribed from time to time.

(Section 34(9) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(10) A person who escapes or attempts to escape from detention imposed under this Act shall be guilty of
an offence and may be arrested without a warrant.

(11) A person detained on a ship may not be held in detention for longer than 30 days without an order of
court.

(Section 34(11) added by section 35(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

35. Duties with regard to conveyances

(1) Save for exceptional circumstances necessitating otherwise, no person in charge of a conveyance
shall cause that conveyance to enter the Republic at any place other than at a port of entry.

(2)

(a) The owner or person in charge of a prescribed conveyance entering into, departing from or in
transit through the Republic, shall comply with the provisions of this section by enabling
electronic transmission and receipt of the prescribed information to the Director-General in the
prescribed manner.

(b) The owner or person in charge of a conveyance entering into, departing from or in transit
through the Republic, shall within the prescribed period prior to boarding persons onto his or her
conveyance, electronically transmit the prescribed information to the Director-General in respect
of each person.

(c) The owner or person in charge of a conveyance shall act in accordance with a boarding advice
issued by the Director-General in respect of each person contemplated in paragraph (b).
(3)

(a) The owner or person in charge of a conveyance entering into, departing from or in transit
through the Republic by air or conveying persons on domestic flights within the Republic, shall
comply with the provisions of this section by enabling electronic transmission of the prescribed
passenger name record information in respect of all persons booked to travel on his or her
conveyance to the Director-General in the prescribed manner.

(b) The owner or person contemplated in paragraph (a) shall, within the prescribed period prior to
the scheduled time of departure of his or her conveyance, electronically transmit the prescribed
passenger name record information to the Director-General in the prescribed manner.

(c) The information contemplated in paragraph (a) shall be used by the Director-General for the
better achievement of the objectives of this Act and the Director-General shall adopt prescribed
measures to safeguard the protection of that information in accordance with legislation
governing the protection of personal information.

(4) An immigration officer or other authorised person employed by the Director-General may-

(a) board any conveyance which is entering or has entered into any port of entry and on good
cause shown prohibit or regulate disembarkation from, or the offloading of, such conveyance in
order to ascertain the status or citizenship of its passengers; and

(b) request the person in control of a port of entry or any person acting under his or her authority to
order the person in charge of a conveyance to park, moor or anchor that conveyance in such
port of entry at such distance from the shore or landing place or in such position as such
immigration officer or other authorised person employed by the Director-General may direct.

(5) The person in charge of a conveyance entering or prior to entering a port of entry shall upon demand
deliver to an immigration officer-

(a) a list stating-

(i) the names of all passengers on board of that conveyance, classified according to their
respective destinations; and

(ii) such other details as may be prescribed;

(b) a list of stowaways, if any have been found;

(c) a list of the crew and all other persons, other than passengers and stowaways, employed,
carried or present on the conveyance; and
(d) a return, under the hand of the medical officer of that conveyance or, if there is no such medical
officer, under the hand of the person in charge of a conveyance himself or herself, stating-

(i) any cases of disease, whether infectious or otherwise, which have occurred or are
suspected to have occurred upon the voyage;

(ii) the names of the persons who suffered or arc suffering from such disease;

(iii) details of any birth or death which occurred upon the voyage between such port of entry
and a previous port; and

(iv) any other prescribed matter or event:

Provided that such immigration officer may-

(aa) exempt from the requirements of this subsection the master of a ship destined for any other port
in the Republic, subject to compliance with the duty to deliver such lists or return at such port
and with any directive such immigration officer may issue to the master; and

(bb) if satisfied that a name should be added to or deleted from any such lists, authorise such
addition or deletion.

(6) If a conveyance arrives at a port of entry with a passenger on board bound for a destination outside
the Republic and that passenger is not on board when the conveyance leaves such port of entry and
has not been admitted, the person in charge or the owner of that conveyance shall forfeit a sum fixed
by the immigration officer within a prescribed limit.

(7) An immigration officer may require the person in charge of a conveyance to muster the crew of such
conveyance on the arrival of such conveyance in any port of entry and again before it leaves such port
of entry.

(8) The competent officer of customs at any port of entry may refuse to give to the person in charge of a
conveyance clearance papers to leave that port of entry, unless he or she has complied with this Act
and produced a certificate issued by an immigration officer to that effect.

(9) A person in charge of a conveyance shall ensure that any foreigner conveyed to a port of entry, for
purposes of travelling to a foreign country, holds a valid passport and transit visa or port of entry visa,
if required.

(10) A person in charge of a conveyance shall be responsible for the detention and removal of a person
conveyed if such person is refused admission in the prescribed manner, as well as for any costs
related to such detention and removal incurred by the Department.

(Section 35 substituted by section 36 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 35 substituted by section 21 of Act 13 of 2011)

36. ……….

(Section 36 repealed by section 37 of Act 19 of 2004)

IMMIGRATION COURTS

37. ……….

(Commencement date of section 37: to be proclaimed)

(Section 37 repealed by section 38 of Act 19 of 2004)

DUTIES AND OBLIGATIONS

38. Employment

(1) No person shall employ –

(a) an illegal foreigner;

(b) a foreigner whose status does not authorise him or her to be employed by such person; or

(c) a foreigner on terms, terms and conditions or in a capacity different from those contemplated in
such foreigner’s status.

(2) An employer shall make a good faith effort to ascertain that no illegal foreigner is employed by him or
her or to ascertain the status or citizenship of those whom he or she employs.

(3) If it is proven, other than by means of the presumption referred to in subsection (5), that a person was
employed in violation of subsection (1), it shall be presumed that the employer knew at the time of the
employment that such person was among those referred to in subsection (1), unless such employer
proves that he or she –

(a) employed such person in good faith; and

(b) complied with subsection (2), provided that a stricter compliance shall be required of any
employer who employs more than five employees or has been found guilty of a prior offence
under this Act related to this section.

(4) An employer employing a foreigner shall –
(a) for two years after the termination of such foreigner’s employment, keep the prescribed records
relating thereto; and

(b) report to the Director-General –

(i) the termination of such foreigner’s employment; and

(ii) any breach on the side of the foreigner of his or her status.

(Section 38(4) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(5) If an illegal foreigner is found on any premises where a business is conducted, it shall be presumed
that such foreigner was employed by the person who has control over such premises, unless prima
facie evidence to the contrary is adduced.

39. Learning institutions

(1) No learning institution shall knowingly provide training or instruction to –

(a) an illegal foreigner;

(b) a foreigner whose status does not authorise him or her to receive such training or instruction by
such person; or

(c) a foreigner on terms or conditions or in a capacity different from those contemplated in such
foreigner’s status.

(2) If an illegal foreigner is found on any premises where instruction or training is provided, it shall be
presumed that such foreigner was receiving instruction or training from, or allowed to receive
instruction or training by, the person who has control over such premises, unless prima facie evidence
to the contrary is adduced.

40. Keeping of registers of lodgers by certain persons

(1) The person in charge of any premises, whether furnished or unfurnished, where lodging or sleeping
accommodation is provided for payment or reward shall, if those premises fall within a prescribed
class, in the prescribed manner keep a register of all persons who are provided with lodging or
sleeping accommodation thereon, and every such person shall sign the register and furnish therein
the prescribed particulars regarding himself or herself.

(2) Every person in charge of premises referred to in subsection (1) shall, when required to do so by an
immigration officer or police officer, produce the register referred to in that subsection for inspection.
(3) Any person who-

(a) contravenes or fails to comply with a provision of subsection (1) or (2);

(b) gives false or incorrect particulars for the purposes of subsection (1); or

(c) hinders any officer referred to in subsection (2) in the performance of his or her functions,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment for a period not
exceeding 12 months.

(Section 40 substituted by section 39 of Act 19 of 2004)

41. Identification

(1) When so requested by an immigration officer or a police officer, any person shall identify himself or
herself as a citizen, permanent resident or foreigner, and if on reasonable grounds such immigration
officer or police officer is not satisfied that such person is entitled to be in the Republic, such person
may be interviewed by an immigration officer or a police officer about his or her identity or status, and
such immigration officer or police officer may take such person into custody without a warrant, and
shall take reasonable steps, as may be prescribed, to assist the person in verifying his or her identity
or status, and thereafter, if necessary detain him or her in terms of section 34.

(2) Any person who assists a person contemplated in subsection (1) to evade the processes
contemplated in that subsection, or interferes with such processes, shall be guilty of an offence.

(Section 41 substituted by section 40 of Act 19 of 2004)

42. Aiding and abetting illegal foreigners

(1) Subject to this Act, and save for necessary humanitarian assistance, no person, shall aid, abet, assist,
enable or in any manner help –

(a) an illegal foreigner; or

(b) a foreigner in respect of any matter, conduct or transaction which violates such foreigner’s
status, when applicable,

including but not limited to –

(i) providing instruction or training to him or her, or allowing him or her to receive instruction or
training;
(ii) issuing to him or her a licence or other authorisation to conduct any business or to carry on any
profession or occupation;

(iii) entering into an agreement with him or her for the conduct of any business or the carrying on of
any profession or occupation;

(iv) conducting any business or carrying on any profession or occupation in cooperation with him or
her;

(v) assisting, enabling or in any manner helping him or her to conduct any business or carry on any
profession or occupation;

(vi) obtaining a licence or other authority for him or her or on his or her behalf to conduct any
business or to carry on any profession or occupation;

(vii) doing anything for him or her or on his or her behalf in connection with his or her business or
profession or occupation;

(viii) harbouring him or her, which includes providing accommodation; or

(ix) letting or selling or in any manner making available any immoveable property in the Republic to
him or her.

(2) In any criminal proceedings arising out of this section, it is no defence to aver that the status of the
foreigner concerned, or whether he or she was an illegal foreigner, was unknown to the accused if it is
proved that the accused ought reasonably to have known the status of the foreigner, or whether he or
she was an illegal foreigner.

43. Obligation of foreigners

A foreigner shall –

(a) abide by the terms and conditions of his or her status, including any terms and conditions
attached to the relevant visa or permanent residence permit, as the case may be, by the
Director- General upon its issuance, extension or renewal, and that status shall expire upon the
violation of those terms and conditions; and

(Section 43(a) substituted by section 41 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 43(a) substituted by section 22 of Act 13 of 2011)

(b) depart upon expiry of his or her status.

44. Organs of state

When possible, any organ of state shall endeavour to ascertain the status or citizenship of the persons
receiving its services and shall report to the Director-General any illegal foreigner, or any person
whose status or citizenship could not be ascertained, provided that such requirement shall not prevent
the rendering of services to which illegal foreigners and foreigners are entitled under the Constitution
or any law.

(Section 44 substituted by section 42 of Act 19 of 2004)

45. Other institutions

Prescribed institutions or persons other than organs of state may, in the prescribed manner, be
required to endeavour to ascertain the status or citizenship of the persons with whom they enter into
commercial transactions, as prescribed, and shall report to the Director-General any illegal foreigner,
or any person whose status or citizenship could not be ascertained, provided that such requirement
shall not prevent the rendering of services or performance to which illegal foreigners and foreigners
are entitled under the Constitution or any law.

(Section 45 substituted by section 43 of Act 19 of 2004)

MISCELLANEOUS

46. Immigration practitioners

(Section 46 amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 46 repealed by section 23 of Act 13 of 2011)

47. ……….

(Section 47 repealed by section 44 of Act 19 of 2004)

48. Foreigners erroneously allowed to enter Republic

No illegal foreigner shall be exempt from a provision of this Act or be allowed to sojourn in the
Republic on the grounds that he or she was not informed that he or she could not enter or sojourn in
the Republic or that he or she was admitted or allowed to remain in the Republic through error or
misrepresentation, or because his or her being an illegal foreigner was undiscovered.

OFFENCES

49. Offences

(1)

(a) Anyone who enters or remains in, or departs from the Republic in contravention of this Act, shall
be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding two
years.

(b) Any illegal foreigner who fails to depart when so ordered by the Director-General, shall be guilty
of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding four years.

(Section 49(1) substituted by section 45(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(1) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) Anyone who knowingly assists a person to enter or remain in, or depart from the Republic in
contravention of this Act, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to
imprisonment not exceeding five years.

(Section 49(2) substituted by section 45(a) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(2) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(3) Anyone who knowingly employs an illegal foreigner or a foreigner in violation of this Act, shall be guilty
of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding one year: Provided
that such person’s second conviction of such an offence shall be punishable by imprisonment not
exceeding two years or a fine, and the third or subsequent convictions of such offences by
imprisonment not exceeding five years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(3) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(4) Anyone who intentionally facilitates an illegal foreigner to receive public services to which such illegal
foreigner is not entitled shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine.

(5) Any public servant who provides false or intentionally inaccurate or unauthorised documentation or
benefit to an illegal foreigner, or otherwise facilitates such illegal foreigner to disguise his or her
identity or status, or accepts any undue financial or other consideration to perform an act or to
exercise his or her discretion in terms of this Act, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction
to imprisonment not exceeding eight years without the option of a fine: Provided that if such public
servant is employed by the Department, such offence shall be punishable by imprisonment not
exceeding 15 years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(5) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(6) Anyone failing to comply with one of the duties or obligations set out under sections 38 to 46, shall be
guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding five years.

(Section 49(6) substituted by section 45(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(6) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(7) Anyone participating in a conspiracy of two or more persons to conduct an activity intended to
contravene this Act, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment
not exceeding seven years: Provided that if part of such activity is conducted or intended to be
conducted in a foreign country, the offence shall be punishable by imprisonment not exceeding eight
years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(7) substituted by section 45(b) of Act 19 of 2004)
(Section 49(7) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(8) Anyone who wilfully or through gross negligence produces a false certification contemplated by this
Act, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding
three years.

(Section 49(8) substituted by section 45(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(8) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(9) Anyone, other than a duly authorised public servant, who manufactures or provides or causes the
manufacturing or provision of a document purporting to be a document issued or administered by the
Department, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment not exceeding 10
years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(9) substituted by section 45(b) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(9) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(10) Anyone who through offers of financial or other consideration or threats, compels or induces an officer
to contravene this Act or to breach such officer’s duties, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on
conviction-

(a) to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding five years; or

(b) if subsequently such officer in fact contravenes this Act or breaches his or her duties, to
imprisonment not exceeding five years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(10) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(11) Anyone guilty of the offence contemplated in section 34(10) shall be liable on conviction to a fine or to
imprisonment not exceeding three years.

(Section 49(11) amended by section 45(c) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(11) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(12) A court may make an order as to costs in favour of the Department to the extent necessary to defray
the expenses referred to in section 34(3) against-

(a) any illegal foreigner referred to in section 34 (3);

(b) any person who contravened section 38 or 42;

(c) any person who conveyed into the Republic a foreigner without the required transit visa; or

(d) any person who committed an offence contemplated in subsection (5), (7), (8) or (10),

which order shall have the effect of a civil judgment of that court.
(Section 49(12) substituted by section 45(d) of Act 19 of 2004)

(13) Any person who pretends to be, or impersonates, an immigration officer, shall be guilty of an offence
and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding eight years.

(Section 49(13) added by section 45(e) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(13) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(14) Any person who for the purpose of entering or remaining in, or departing from, or of facilitating or
assisting the entrance into, residence in or departure from, the Republic, whether in contravention of
this Act or not, commits any fraudulent act or makes any false representation by conduct, statement or
otherwise, shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not
exceeding eight years.

(Section 49(14) added by section 45(e) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(14) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(15) Any natural or juristic person, or a partnership, who-

(a) for the purpose of entering the Republic, or of remaining therein, in contravention of this Act, or
departing from the Republic, or of assisting any other person so as to enter or so to remain or
so to depart, utters, uses or attempts to use-

(i) any permanent residence permit, port of entry visa, visa, certificate, written authority or
other document which has been issued by lawful authority, or which, though issued by
lawful authority, he, she or it is not entitled to use; or
(ii) any fabricated or falsified permanent residence permit, port of entry visa, visa, certificate,
written authority or other document; or

(b) without sufficient cause has in his, her or its possession-

(i) any stamp or other instrument which is used or capable of being used for purposes of
fabricating or falsifying or unlawfully recording on any document any endorsement under
this Act or required to be submitted in terms of this Act;

(ii) any form officially printed for purposes of issuing any permanent residence permit, port of
entry visa, visa, certificate, written authority or other document under this Act or required
to be submitted in terms of this Act, or any reproduction or imitation of any such form;

(iii) any passport, travel document, identity document or other document used for the
facilitation of movement across borders, which is blank or reflects particulars other than
those of the person in whose possession it is found; or
(iv) any fabricated or falsified passport, travel document, identity document or other
document used for the facilitation of movement across borders,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a period not exceeding 15
years without the option of a fine.

(Section 49(15) added by section 45(e) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(15) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

(16) Any person who-

(a) contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of this Act, if such contravention or failure is
not elsewhere declared an offence, or if no penalty is prescribed in respect of an offence; or

(b) commits any other offence under this Act in respect of which no penalty is elsewhere
prescribed,

shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine or to imprisonment not exceeding seven
years.

(Section 49(16) added by section 45(e) of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 49(16) substituted by section 24 of Act 13 of 2011)

50. Administrative offences

(1) Any foreigner who leaves the Republic after the expiry of his or her visa shall be dealt with in terms of
section 30(1)(h).

(Section 50(1) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 50(1) substituted by section 25(a) of Act 13 of 2011)

(2) Anyone who through negligence produces an incorrect certification contemplated by this Act shall be
liable to an administrative fine of a prescribed amount not exceeding R8000, which fine shall be
imposed by the Director-General.

(Section 50(2) amended by section 47 of Act 19 of 2004)

(3) Any owner or person in charge of a conveyance who through negligence contravenes the provisions
of section 35(9), shall be liable to an administrative fine of a prescribed amount, which fine shall be
imposed by the Director-General.

(Section 50(3) substituted by section 46 of Act 19 of 2004)

(Section 50(3) substituted by section 25(b) of Act 13 of 2011)

(4) Any owner or person in charge of a conveyance who-

(a) fails to comply with the provisions of section 35(2)(a), (b) or (c) or (3)(a); or

(b) transmits inaccurate information contemplated in section 35(2)(b) or (3)(b),

shall be liable to an administrative fine of a prescribed amount, which line shall be imposed by the
Director-General.

(Section 50(4) added by section 25(c) of Act 13 of 2011)

TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS

51. Transitional definitions

In respect of sections 52 and 53 the following additional or different definitions shall apply, unless the
context requires otherwise:

(i) “prescribe” means to provide through regulations and “prescribed” has a correspondent
meaning;

(ii) “previous Act” means the Aliens Control Act, 1991 (Act No. 96 of 1991);

(iii) “published” means published in the Government Gazette; and

(iv) “regulations” means both general and specific rules adopted by the Minister and published.

52. Functions of Department and Board

(1) Until the Board is duly constituted and operational, any regulation required in terms of this Act shall be
prescribed.

(2) Subject to this Act, any regulations adopted under the previous Act shall remain in force and effect
until repealed or amended.

(3) The Board shall be convened within 90 days of the coming into force of this Act.

(Commencement date of section 52: 20 February 2003)

53. Existing visas

(1) Any permanent residence permit validly issued in terms of the previous Act shall be deemed to have
been issued in terms of, and in compliance with, this Act.

(2) Any visa issued in terms of the previous Act for a determined period shall continue in force and effect
in accordance with the terms and conditions under which it was issued, but may only be renewed in
terms of this Act, provided that –

(i) the Department may waive the requirement to submit a new application, and

(ii) for good cause the Department may authorise a visa to be renewed in terms of the previous
Act.

(3) Any exemptions for an undetermined period granted in terms of section 28(2) of the previous Act shall
be deemed a permanent residence permit for the purposes of this Act, and any exemption granted for
a determined period shall continue in force and effect in accordance with the terms and conditions
under which it was issued.

(4) Visas issued under section 41 of the previous Act shall continue in force and effect in accordance with
the terms and conditions under which they were issued, but may not be renewed.

54. Repeal of laws

(1) The laws mentioned in Schedule 3 are hereby repealed or amended to the extent set out in its third
column.

(2) Anything done under the provisions of a law repealed by subsection (1) and which could have been
done under this Act shall be deemed to have been done under this Act.

55. Short title and commencement

(1) This Act shall be referred to as the Immigration Act, 2002, and shall come into force and effect on a
date determined by the President by proclamation in the Government Gazette.

(2) The date of coming into force and effect of section 37 shall be determined in consultation with the
Minister for Justice and Constitutional Development.

Schedule 1

Offences relating to section 28(a) of this Act

(Heading of Schedule 1 substituted by section 10 of Act 3 of 2007)

Treason against the Republic

Murder

Rape or compelled rape as contemplated in section 3 or 4 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related
Matters) Amendment Act, 2007. Respectively Sexual assault, compelled sexual assault or compelled self-
sexual assault as contemplated in section 5, 6 or 7 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related
Matters) Amendment Act, 2007. respectively

Any sexual offence against a child or a person who is mentally disabled as contemplated in Part 2 of Chapter
3 or the whole of Chapter 4 of the Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act,
2007, respectively

Trafficking in persons for sexual purposes by a person as contemplated in section 71(1), (2) or (6) of the
Criminal Law (Sexual Offences and Related Matters) Amendment Act, 2007

Robbery

Kidnapping

Assault when a dangerous wound is inflicted

Arson

Any conspiracy, incitement or attempt to commit an offence referred to in this Schedule.

(Schedule 1 substituted by section 68 of Act 32 of 2007)

Schedule 2

Offences relating to section 28(a) of this Act

(Heading of Schedule 2 substituted by section 11 of Act 3 of 2007)

An offence referred to in Part 1 to 4, or section 17, 20 or 21 (in so far as it relates to the aforementioned
offences) of Chapter 2 of the Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act, 2004

Sedition

Public violence

Culpable Homicide

Bestiality

Malicious injury to property

Breaking and entering any premises

Theft

Receiving stolen property knowing it to have been stolen

Fraud

Forgery or uttering a forged document knowing it to have been forged

Offences relating to coinage

Any offence relating to the illicit possession, conveyance or supply of dependence producing drugs

Any conspiracy, incitement or attempt to commit an offence referred to in this Schedule

Any offence the punishment of which may be a period of imprisonment exceeding six months without the
option of a fine

(Schedule 2 amended by section 36 of Act 12 of 2004)

Schedule 3

Acts repealed

No and year of Act

Short Title

Extent of the repeal

Act No. 96 of 1991

Aliens Control Act, 1991

The whole repealed

Act No. 75 of 1995

Aliens Control Amendment
Act, 1995

The whole repealed

(Schedule 3 substituted by section 48 of Act 19 of 2004)

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